In the Classroom

English Lessons

Please select your child's year below for further information.

At 1Point4Teacher, we currently teach English to years 1-6

Year 1: We focus in phonics and spelling, handwriting,  reading comprehension and preparation for the Phonics Screening Test. Each child will work on their own targets at their own rates.

Year 2: We focus on SPAG (spelling, punctuation and grammar), reading comprehension and SATs preparation.

Year 3, 4, 5 and 6: Lessons taught in years 3, 4, 5 and 6 will focus on SPAG, Reading Comprehension and Verbal Reasoning. We no longer focus on handwriting as part of our curriculum but will create a few targets for your children to continue to practice at home. This could be a certain letter that they are consistently forming incorrectly or the direction of their letters not being so consistent.


Year 1 English


Phonics and spellings

Our Year 1 programme consists of phonics learning as the foundation. I believe phonics is the first step in helping children to crack the code of reading and writing. I therefore use phonics as the main method of teaching children how to read words. I teach it in a systematic way using Letters and Sounds combined with the year 1 element of the KS1 spelling curriculum.  Your child’s first lesson includes an assessment where I will identify their learning gaps. This will incorporate their ability to identify sounds. For example, if your child does not know the ‘air’ sound they may find words like ‘chair’ and ‘fair’ difficult to read and spell. Once identified a lesson plan will be generated and these gaps will be focused on first before moving onto other subject areas such as those listed below.

Handwriting lessons


These will coincide with the chosen style used at your child’s schools. I will check how they hold their pencil and how they are forming every single letter of the alphabet, starting with the letters: c, a, o, d, g and q before moving on to the sizing of the letters and writing on a line. I use a range of equipment so that children who write with their left hand can also access the same services as children who use their right hand. This equipment includes pencil stoppers and triangular pencils.

Your child will be taught to:

  • sit correctly at a table, holding a pencil comfortably and correctly

  • Form lower-case letters in the correct direction, starting and finishing in the right place

  • Form capital letters

  • Form digits 0-9

  • Understand which letters belong to which handwriting ‘families’ (i.e. letters that are formed in similar ways) and to practise these.

Learning to read 


Your child will read books during the session which follow a colour scheme and this colour scheme will be worked out after the initial assessment. The most common colours used in year 1 are red, yellow, blue, green, and orange but this all depends on the individual child. Your child’s reading level will be closely tied to their phonetic ability.

Reading to learn


Comprehension is the ability to understand what has been read as the child is reading to learn rather than learning to read. We work through a range of question styles from fact retrieval to inferencing. Your child’s comprehension level may be behind their ability to decode and read but this is only because comprehending is different from decoding symbols on a page.


Year 2 English

Phonics and SPAG


Our Year 2 programme is packed but is based around the gaps in your child’s learning. At the beginning of year 2, I will assess your child to see if there are any gaps in their learning before moving on. If they have gaps which most children do, lessons will be planned based on these first. Alternatively, they will begin working though phase 6 phonics which incorporates grammar rules.

Handwriting lessons


If your child has not learned the skills taught in year 1 (see year 1 section) this will be continued into year 2. Otherwise they will begin writing in a joined style as soon as they can form letters securely with the correct orientation. Your child will be taught to:

  • form lower-case letters of the correct size relative to one another

  • start using some of the diagonal and horizontal strokes needed to join letters and understand which letters, when adjacent to one another, are best left unjoined

  • write capital letters and digits of the correct size, orientation, and relationship to one another and to lower-case letters

  • use spacing between words that reflects the size of the letters.


Learning to read


By now, your child should have learned all the phonetics sounds and should be reading reasonably well at a basic level. Good reading continues throughout life, but the focus will be on developing fluency and accuracy. Learning how to read is not explicitly taught in our year 2 programme as we assume that your child has passed the Year 1 Phonics Screening Test. If they have not, please look at what we offer in our year 1 programme to see if this is a good fit for your chil.

Reading to Learn


The size of the text will be becoming increasingly smaller as your child develops their reading skill. Vocabulary will become increasingly more challenging and question styles will be a lot broader and more sophisticated. We build on the work carried out in our year 1 programme and children will be working though books from turquoise, purple, gold, white and possibly lime. We develop comprehension skills learnt during year 1 and help children to identify different question styles.


Years 3-6 English



Reading comprehension


Children will be taught different questions styles during reading tasks which range from: fact retrieval, inferences, authors use of language, purpose and structure, summarising, word meaning in context (vocabulary), fact and opinion.



We recommend using as a way to practice spelling but we will focus on a few spelling rules during these session. 

Year 3


Children in year 3 will be assessed on grammar terms from KS1 before working through the following: capital letters and full stops, plural and singular words, adjectives, adverbs, apostrophes for contractions, prefixes and suffixes, conjunctions, exclamation marks, prepositions, commas in lists, heading and subheadings, question marks, first and third person, apostrophes for possessions, types of sentences, punctuation for scripts, verb tenses, present perfect tense and direct speech.

Year 4


Children will be assessed on grammar terms from year 3 before working through the following: expanded noun phrases, basic sentence punctuation, fronted adverbials, commas for fronted adverbials, adverbs, punctuating a script, pronouns, direct speech, types of sentences, reported speech, similes and metaphors, exclamation marks, conjunctions, question marks, paragraph and apostrophes for possession. If you are aiming for 11plus exams, please talk to Miss Morrison to find out how she can support you on this journey. 

Year 5


Children will be assessed on grammar terms from year 4 before working through the following:  relative clauses, parentheses, adverbs of possibility, modal verbs, speech marks, adverbial phrases, commas for subordinate clauses, alliteration, new speaker new line, idioms commas, conjunctions, apostrophes, similes, metaphors, punctuating poems, adverbs, apostrophes in contractions. We cover English and Verbal Reasoning during all of our lessons but if you are aiming for 11plus exams, please talk to Miss Morrison to find out how she can support you on this journey. However, we do c

Year 6


Children will be assessed in grammar terms from year 3, 4 and 5 before working through the following:  Formal and informal language, direct speech, passive voice, apostrophes for contraction, apostrophes for possession, the subjunctive, using commas and clarity, cohesive devices, ellipses, sentence structure, adverbs, adverbial, phrases and commas, homophone, subjects and objects, using colon and semi-colons, describing characters, figurative language, dashes to separate clauses, simple, compound and complex sentences and to punctuate longer sentences using commas and colons. Children in Year 6 will also prepare for year 6 examination and will then get support for transitioning to high school.